Buick is currently the oldest still-active American automotive make, and among the oldest automobile brands in the world. It originated as the Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company in 1899, an independent internal combustion engine and motor-car manufacturer, and was later incorporated as the Buick Motor Company on May 19, 1903, by Scottish born David Dunbar Buick in Detroit, Michigan. Later that year, the struggling company was taken over by James H. Whiting, who moved it to his hometown of Flint, Michigan, and brought in William C. Durant in 1904 to manage his new acquisition.
The first Buick made for sale, the 1904 Model B, was built in Flint, Michigan. There were 37 Buicks made that year, none of which survived.
Durant was a natural promoter, and Buick soon became the largest car maker in America. Using the profits from this, Durant embarked on a series of corporate acquisitions, calling the new mega corporation General Motors. At first, the manufacturers comprising General Motors competed against each other, but Durant ended that. He wanted each General Motors division to target one class of buyer, and in his new scheme, Buick was near the top — only the Cadillac brand had more prestige. Buick occupies this position to this day in the General Motors lineup.
Overall domestic sales of the Buick brand peaked in 1984, with a broad model line ranging from compacts to large cars, including performance-oriented turbocharged models.
In the 2009 J.D. Power and Associates Vehicle Dependability Study, Buick tied with Jaguar as the most dependable brand in the United States. Buick became the fastest growing automotive brand in 2010, attracting a younger customer demographic.
As of 2012, Buick's North American lineup consists of the newly introduced Verano entry-level compact sedan, the Regal mid-size luxury/sports sedan, the LaCrosse mid-size luxury sedan, and the Enclave full-size luxury crossover. Buick plans to launch the Encore, a new mini crossover vehicle, later in the year as a 2013 model.
In 1962, when a tractor manufacturer, Ferruccio Lamborghini, decided to build his own version of high performance supercars with superior interior refinements matching the technology, few would have imagined that his fascination for excellence would break into the stranglehold of stalwarts like Ferrari and garner admiration all over the world from lovers of speed and style, inspiring movies on the silver screen and instilling a desire to own such beauties. And like all great stories, this one too is not without legend, downturns and success.
It goes like this: Ferruccio once went to complain about a faulty clutch in his Ferrari to Enzo Ferrari, the founder of Ferrari, who, already in his 60s, dismissed Ferruccio's complaint and, in a way, insulted this ambitious automobile manufacturer. Ferruccio then decided to build his own brand of supercars under a new company name - Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini.
Ferruccio Lamborghini first founded the Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. in early 1963 on a new 90,000-square meter site near Bologna in SantAgata Bologna, Italy. He hired one of the best known car designers of that time, Giotto Bizzarrini, who had earlier worked at Ferrari, and two young engineers - Giampaolo Dallara and Giampaolo Stanzani from Bologna - to build a V-12 engine supercar for his company.
The initial work of this team fructified in the form of a prototype Lamborghini 350 GTV that was first shown to the public at the 1963 Turin Auto Show and made available in the market by 1964. The 350 GTV was very well received and was later succeeded by the 400 GT and the 400 GT 2+2. Though Bizzarrini later left the company as he was against Ferruccio's principle of building a racing car, the story has just begun.
More fame for Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. came with the launch of the Lamborghini Miura which debuted in the market in 1967. Designed by the two Bologna engineers, it was earlier provisionally code named 400TP and had a 4-liter 12-cylinder engine mounted behind the cockpit. However, the engineers had little hope of getting it cleared from Ferruccio - who eventually did - thinking that the new model would be good advertising for the company and named it Miura.
Lamborghini's popularity soared throughout the 1960s. Miura was followed by the exotic Marzal with vertical opening doors, the Miura Roadster, the Islero Gt, the Espada, the Jarama, the P250 Urraco, named again after a fighting bull, Jota; and the LP 500, which was also popularly known as Countach until the 1970s.
The Crisis and ownership changes
By the late 1970s, conditions for the supercar’s market were hostile as the company was facing difficulty keeping up its finances. The market too wasn't favorably responding. In a failed attempt during the same time, Lamborghini tried to collaborate with US-based BMW and Mobility Technology International. In addition, Rosseti could not continue because of illness and the company was able to produce only a single Countach 400S model by 1980. In the same year, Lamborghini was purchased by French brothers, Patrick and Jean-Claude Mimran, who hired legendary engineer, Alfieri, and were able to display a restyled Countach, Miura and a new Jalpa in the Geneva Auto Show. They also produced a new off-road LMA series and the Lamborghini Countach Quattrovalvole.
The company, however, was again available for sale by 1986 and found a helping hand in legendary Lee Iaccoca of the US-based Chrystler. During his reign, the Lamborghini entered into F1 racing for the first time in its history but could not continue in the early 1990s. It also produced the famous Lamborghini Diablo in 1990. However, later in 1994, Iaccoca sold the company to Indonesian investors who later sold it to German company Audi in 1998 as the Asian financial crisis worsened during the late 1990s.
The story continues
Under German ownership and with the infusion of cash and new innovations, Lamborghini S.p.A has produced several exciting supercars, beginning from Lamborghini Murcielago in 2001 and Gallardo or baby Lamborghini in 2003. The production capacity and sales have also increased. This can be inferred from the fact that in the first 40 years of its history until 2003, the company has produced only 8,082 cars but by 2010, it was able to produce 10,000 Lamborghini Gallardo models.
In year 2012 Lamborghini has come up with super cars such as Lamborghini Aventador LP-700, Sesto Elemento, Lamborghini Murcielago, Lamborghini Gallardo, Lamborghini Cabrera, Lamborghini Countach, Lamborghini Diablo, Lamborghini Espada, Lamborghini Estoque and Lamborghini Ferrucio to name a few.
The Chevrolet Corvette, one of America’s true “Icons” will celebrate 60 years in 2013. Therefore, we are excited and looking forward to honoring Chevrolet Corvette as one of our marquee classes for the 2013 Arthritis Classic Auto Show.
The Chevrolet Corvette was first introduced in 1953. The corvette has gone through six generations, C1 through the current C6. But, as with most “Icons”, Corvette has had a couple tough fights to stay alive as it was almost scraped before it began. Then during the end of the C4 Corvette run, GM wanted to stop production of Corvette. If not for Joe Speilman, who at the time was a Vice-President for GM, there would never have been a C5 Corvette. Speilman continued to have his engineers work on the C5 “underground” after being told to kill the program. For these reasons and many more, it’s so exciting to see Chevrolet Corvette celebrating several major milestones during their 60th Anniversary in 2013. Team Corvette will offer the 427 c.i. engine which will generate 505 hp in the C6 Corvette Convertible for the first time. The 2013 Corvette will also mark the end of the era for the current C6 generation Corvette. 2013 will be the beginning of the much anticipated 7th generation corvette. Word has it; GM will be unveiling the C7 corvette at the Detroit Auto Show in January 2013. According to our information, the C7 corvette will be hitting dealership lots in late summer of 2013 as a 2014 model year corvette. You can bet we are working hard to have a new C7 Corvette on display for the 2013 auto show.
Year after year, the Arthritis Classic Auto Show & Cruise-In continues to grow. Thanks in part to corvette clubs promoting the show to their members. The corvette numbers have grown to such a large quantity that we now provide corvettes with their own parking lot to accommodate all their cars. Corvettes have three volunteer representatives on the Classic Auto Show & Cruise-In planning committee. They are working hard to make Chevrolet Corvette’s continue to be one of the major classes at the Arthritis Classic Auto Show & Cruise-In. In fact, Corvette is now the second largest class at the show.
We appreciate the support of the corvette community and look forward to seeing you at the 2013 Arthritis Classic Auto Show.
If you would like additional information on Corvette clubs in central Ohio, please contact one of our Auto Show Corvette representatives; .Royce Martin with the “Choosen Few Corvette Club” @ email@example.com, Mark Thomas with the “Capital City Corvette Club” @ firstname.lastname@example.org Or Chuck Ellisor @ email@example.com
The Riviera by Buick is an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced.
The Riviera was introduced on October 4, 1962 as a 1963 model, with the "Nailhead" V-8 as the only available engine, fitted with dual exhaust as standard equipment, and the Turbine Drive the only transmission. Total production was deliberately limited to 40,000 vehicles to emphasize its exclusivity and to increase demand.
The Riviera was redesigned for the 1966 model year. It retained its cruciform frame, powertrain, and brakes, but it wore a longer, wider, more curvaceous body, a shell it now shared with the Oldsmobile Toronado, and, a year later, with the Cadillac Eldorado.
The 1970 Riviera was restyled. Exposed quad headlamps were nearly flush-mounted, while the new front bumper wrapped around and over the new vertical bar grille, set between the headlamp pods.
The Riviera was radically redesigned for the 1971 model year with flowing and dramatic "boat-tail" styling. Designed under Bill Mitchell's direction, it was penned by Jerry Hirshberg, future head of design for Nissan, mating the two-piece vee-buttedfastback rear window, inspired by the 1963 Corvette Sting Ray split window coupe, to the Riviera's platform.
Although carrying over the same platform, mechanicals, and some body panels seen on the "Third Generation" Riviera, in 1974, Buick replaced its distinctive 'boat tail' roofline with a more conventional-looking "Colonnade" treatment. This turned the car from a hardtop coupe into a pillared coupe, as it featured wide B pillars and fixed quarter opera windows. A landau half-vinyl roof option was available. The car did retain its forward-jutting grille, albeit in slightly modified form.
Buick downsized the Riviera for 1977 sharing the new smaller GM B platform. While the other E-bodies were front wheel drive since 1966, the Buick E platform used a B-body undercarriage. All B-bodies were downsized for the 1977 model year which prompted the short-lived 1977/78 generation.
1979 saw the debut of the first front wheel drive Riviera on a trimmer, 114 inch wheelbase, once again sharing its mechanical design and platform with the Cadillac Eldorado and Oldsmobile Toronado. The Riviera became Motor Trend's Car of the Year. Sales more than doubled, to 52,181 for 1979 and 48,621 for the very similar 1980 models.
Riviera production ended in 1999.